Trust is a key aspect of corporate finance and privacy. The American institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is a professional organization for Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) in the United States, responsible for certifying Service Organization Control (SOC) . SOC encompasses a range of standards and frameworks that help organizations protect their customers’ sensitive data. There are several different types of SOC frameworks, which respectively include SOC1, SOC2, and SOC3, but each type is designed with the goal of helping organizations ensure the security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy of their systems and processes .
The main difference between SOC1, SOC2 and SOC3 is related to the scope and objective of the audit. A SOC1 audit focuses on an organization’s controls that affect financial reporting, while a SOC2 audit focuses on controls that affect the security, availability, confidentiality of processing, integrity, and privacy of an organization’s systems and processes. A SOC3 audit is a simplified version of an audit intended for public use and can be used by an organization to demonstrate its commitment to security and trust. Another key difference between SOC1, SOC2, and SOC3 relates to the audience of the audit report. A SOC1 audit report is typically intended for an organization’s management and auditors, while a SOC2 audit report is intended for an organization’s customers and other interested parties. A SOC3 audit report is intended for the general public and can be used by an organization to promote its commitment to safety and trust .
SOC1 audits are typically performed by a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), while SOC2 and SOC3 audits are performed by a qualified third-party auditor. All three types of audits involve testing and evaluating an organization’s controls, but the specific controls that are tested and evaluated differ depending on the scope and purpose of the audit. SOC1 audits focus on controls related to financial reporting, SOC2 audits focus on controls related to the security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy of an organization’s systems and processes, and SOC3 audits are a simplified version of a SOC2 audit that is intended for public use. The specific controls that are tested and evaluated, as well as the audience for the audit report, differ depending on the type of audit.
SOC2, also known as the Service Organization Control 2, is a widely recognized cybersecurity framework that helps organizations protect the sensitive data of their clients. This framework is particularly relevant for businesses that handle large amounts of sensitive data, such as financial institutions, healthcare providers, and cloud service providers. The SOC2 framework is based on five key principles: security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. These principles are designed to ensure that an organization’s systems and processes are secure, reliable, and able to protect sensitive data.
One of the key benefits of SOC2 compliance is that it helps organizations demonstrate to their clients that they are serious about protecting sensitive data. By achieving SOC2 compliance, organizations can build trust with their clients and show that they have the necessary controls in place to keep sensitive data safe. In addition to building trust with clients, SOC2 compliance can also help organizations avoid costly data breaches and other security incidents. By following the guidelines set out in the SOC2 framework, organizations can reduce their risk of a data breach and minimize the potential impact of any security incident that does occur.
Achieving SOC2 compliance is not a one-time process, but rather a continuous journey. Organizations must regularly assess and evaluate their systems and processes to ensure that they continue to meet the requirements of the SOC2 framework. This means that organizations must be committed to ongoing cybersecurity efforts in order to maintain their SOC2 compliance.
In this context, SOC2 is of fundamental importance for organizations that deal with confidential data, consequently helping in addition to avoiding and minimizing potential violations and cybersecurity incidents, compliance with SOC2 promotes increased trust and the company’s bond with its respective customers. . By achieving compliance with SOC2, organizations can enhance their relationship and engagement with their customers, through the guarantee and commitment to the confidentiality of their data.
 “American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA),” Investopedia. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/american-institute-of-certified-public-accountants.asp (accessed Dec. 13, 2022).
 “SOC for Service Organizations: Information for CPAS,” AICPA. https://www.aicpa.org/interestareas/frc/assuranceadvisoryservices/cpas.html (accessed Dec. 13, 2022).
 “SOC 2 Compliance: the Basics and a 4-Step Compliance Checklist,” Check Point Software. https://www.checkpoint.com/cyber-hub/cyber-security/what-is-soc-2-compliance/ (accessed Dec. 13, 2022).